Littorals and Lakefront Plantings

Aquatic Weed Control has a wetland team that specializes in littoral work.

The word littoral derives from the Latin noun “litus, litoris” meaning “shore”. A littoral zone is the part of a pond, lake or river close to the shore. Aquatic plants grow in littoral zones that are less than 15 feet deep. The zones start at the shore line and slope down until they reach the depth of 15 feet. These zones can vary in size, width and breadth depending on the waterway. It all depends on the slope of the waterway’s bottom. These areas can be very wide and narrow or extend well out into a waterway.

Our expert staff can size up the littoral and work with the client on plant selections and expert installation. Or in the case where non-native plants have taken over a littoral, we can structure a removal process to meet the clients needs.

Plants grow well in littoral zones because of the shallow waters that have a lot of sunlight, no wave action and the sediment is high in nutrients. The aquatic plants that grow in these areas provide beauty, food, habitat and protection for fish, birds, frogs, turtle, insects, and other animals.

Within a littoral zone there are sub-zones or regions where different types of plants can grow.

Emergent Plants


These are plants that have roots in the bottom of the waterway. The plant grows up and appears above the waterline. Clubrush, pickerel, arrowhead and even Cypress trees are just a few of these plants that grow in wetland littorals in less than 5 feet of water.

Floating Plants

These plants are also rooted in the bottom of the waterway but have stems that extend up to the surface where leaves float on top of the water. Water lilies and Spatterdock are some of the more recognizable plants in this category.

Submersed Plants

These plants grow under the water. Roots, stems and leaves are all under the waterline. They come in all shapes and sizes, from the open springy plants to thick underwater mats. Hydrilla is the most common and causes the most amount of problems in Florida’s waterways.

Native and non-native plants grow in littorals. We have the expert staff that can help our clients with any aquatic planting or removal project.